One of two solutions must be reached to allow Guizhou to develop. Both entail that the Chinese Communist Politburo must cultivate the human capital of the entire society in order to develop the freedoms of those in the Guizhou Province, By doing this, new opportunities will arise and bring forth agricultural prosperity in the countryside, and economic development in the cities. These opportunities consist of government-based corn subsidies, a stronger system of education, and a more ongoing relation between Beijing and Guizhou’s provincial leaders. The second plan states that Beijing must implement new agricultural cultivation technologies, such as those that already exist in the United States today, in Guizhou, while re-regulating rural-urban emigration policies, and by provide the citizens with more manufacturing jobs and a stronger system of education.
Of the two plans, the second will bring more prosperity in years to come because it emphasizes removing people from the countryside – where a majority of Chinese poverty resides – and bringing them to the cities – where nearly all economic activity occurs. However, this is not as easy as simply busing people into cities and immediately putting them to work. The process begins by allowing people to expect that jobs will be available, and by allowing the government to expect taxation revenue. In order to accomplish this goal, the government must monitor potential job openings, and carefully document people coming into the cities. The government will then be able to determine how much work is available, and prepare the city for those incoming residents. In cases where companies are unable to grow due to economic circumstances, the provincial government will offer public sector jobs for the cities’ immigrants. Similar to Roosevelt’s plan in the United States in the 1940s, a government based work market not only give jobs to those unable to find it in the cities, the program will also help improve the cities’ infrastructure, which is in a current state of despair.
Today, innumerable Chinese citizens flock to local cities for work, but go unmonitored by the government. As a result, they don’t pay any form of income taxes. This tax-population imbalance puts a massive strain on public entities – such as roads, buses, other means of transportation, and public safety authorities like the police and fire departments. There are too many people and not enough tax returns. In order for the system to be effective, when the Chinese immigrants come to work in the cities, a system of documentation must have been established in order to collect taxes from every single individual. By allowing these rural urban-goers into the cities, China will become more productive, because many will be producing more goods in the cities then they would in the countryside as farmers. This will raise the country’s real gross domestic product.
Despite the massive influx of rural immigrants, many people will still remain in rural villages. Therefore, the system of agricultural production currently in practice in the countryside needs to be improved. Development of a system for educating the farmers on modern farming technologies and techniques will help them become more efficient in agricultural production. This program will ease the reliance on child labor in the rural workforce and allow more children to go to school.
Along with the establishment of an agricultural school, a water retention system must be developed in the villages. This fashion of machinery will be cheaper than the water pumps already operating in the cities. Water retention technology will allow farmers to hydrate their dry land. Along with educating the people on new agricultural technologies, farmers should be taught about the basics of trade and other simple economic ideas. Similar to an elementary macro-economics course, the farmers will earn how to trade their goods and remaining crops in the marketplace to return a profit. Such basic skills will help the farmers develop a life with an expendable income.
Farmers who partake in school will be subsidized for their actions. If they go to school for one hour daily, they will be reimbursed for time spent in the classroom. These education subsidies remove the disincentive of losing possible income. The longevity of this institution is finite because these basic skills will be taught to the elementary students in their schools.
In this context, educating the youth is even more vital for long-term development. Provincial-level policy makers must remove regulations that require families to pay a fee beginning each school year. This fee currently prohibits many children from going to school, and precludes their positive contribution to society. A reality based curriculum should consist of a vocational track, while gifted students receive a more progressive and rigorous education. These two educational tracks will allow the majority of students to obtain specific skills that will allow them to develop their rural villages, while encouraging academically motivated students to develop China economically as a whole. The Vocational Education track will teach students the skills enabling them to communicate in Mandarin; because any local dialect would not suffice as the means of transcultural communication.
Elevating one’s human capital, most commonly completed by educating the youth, is crucial for development. Guizhou, for example, people don’t have the educational resources necessary to cultivate their full potential. In this case, knowledge of how to cultivate the land, work for a company (most frequently jobs in manufacturing), and the ability to use the official language of the People’s Republic of China are the means of acquiring the goal – the ends being the liberation from poverty.
Despite the potential economic growth destined to be brought from these changes, if China remains undemocratic, growth, as seen previously with the collapse of the Soviet Union, will be limited. China’s economy is like a skyscraper built on a poor foundation. China’s foundation consists of a plethora of “unfreedoms” (Sen) deeply intertwined in modern society, the faulty GDP reports, and unsafe working conditions – seen quite specifically in the coal mines of the Shanxi Province, where dozens lose their lives weekly (Pan). These faults seem to envelop all of China in a dark plague, leaving a billion plus citizens in an omnipotent socialist shadow. How can China continue economic growth when the country is built on stilts?
Through education and opportunity, the cumulation of human potential in Guizhou is almost infinite. By giving every child an education, and then later on, offering them work opportunities, a human capital deficiency will no longer be an issue in the province. If the means of work opportunities and a strong educational foundation are met, the ends of social and economic development will be reached.